Polish Cases | Crash Course with examples

To communicate (correctly) in the polish language, one must use the correct case for both the noun and adjective. (Verbs on the other hand must be matched to the correct aspect which can be read about in a future lesson)

Look at how the Noun: Dog (pies) and he Adjective: good(dobre) changes with each of the following cases

Nominative

The nominative case is used  for the subject of the sentence

Example:

EnglishPolish
SIngularThe good dog jumpsDobry pies skacze
PluralThe good dogs jumpDobre Psy Skaczą

English:  This is a good dog  To jest dobry pies

These are good dogs to są dobre psy

Accusative(Biernik)

What the object does an action

Example

Genative(dopełniaz)

The genitive case is used to express negation or ownership

English: I have a good dog   Mam dobrego psa

I have good dogs Mam dobre psy

Instrumental(narzędnik)

Used with the preposition z

English: I am a good dog with black fur      jestem dobrym psem z czarnym futrem

Good dogs with black fur dobre psy z czarnym futrem

Dative(Celownik)

Use with certain verbs

English:  I help the good dog          Pomagam dobremu psu

I help the good dogs pomagam dobrym psom

Locative (miejscownik)

Where the thing is

The good dog is on the table   dobry pies jest na stole

The good dogs are on the table dobre psy są na stole

Vocative

Rarely used

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